Revealing Wren

Revealing Wren

Time Scanners, the new documentary series on PBS, shows University of Arkansas laser-scanning experts doing what they do best, using their advanced remote sensing technology to collect and analyze billions of measurements to form what is known as a point cloud, which provided a 3-D perspective of some of the world’s most iconic structures.

This evening, St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is the focus of the scanning team in the university’s Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies.

Sir Christopher Wren designed St. Paul’s in the 1670s, and his third design is embodied in the “Great Model” of 1673. The model, made of oak and plaster, is more than 13 feet tall and 21 feet long.

Adam Barnes, a researcher in CAST, scanned both the exterior and interior of the model — which had never been done before. The model now sits in the cathedral’s Trophy Room.

Courtesy Atlantic Productions

Courtesy Atlantic Productions

Meanwhile, Adam snapped a photo of the notes he took while scanning the Great Model, which show the scan locations and a sketch of the model.

“The drawing is something we try to do every day we scan — which is to take notes for where scans were taken from,” he told me. “This model has quite the history. Wren built this to show the royal commission what his vision would look like in 3-D, only 25 times smaller than actual size. Once the commission saw it, they revoked the approval of this design and insisted that changes be made. This didn’t sit well with Wren, who ended up building the Cathedral —and most notably the dome — closer to his original design than the commissioners would have liked. In the Time Scanners episode you will see all of this data, which will show how exactly Wren did this and how he hid it from the decision-makers on the royal commission.”

St. Paul’s is nearly 300 years old. Several of the CAST researchers scanned the massive church, and some of the spots were a tight squeeze, as shown by the scanner on a narrow staircase near the top of the cathedral — 260 feet above the main floor.

Barnes London 2676“This staircase leads up to the top of the dome of St. Paul’s,” Adam said. “The outer observation platform at this level is known as the Golden Gallery and has some amazing views of London. I had the pleasure of spending an entire afternoon at this level while the scanner did its thing.”

What will the scans reveal about Wren’s masterpiece? Tune in tonight to find out.


About The Author

Chris Branam writes about research and economic development at the University of Arkansas. His beats include the Arkansas Research and Technology Park, the Department of Biological Sciences and the Department of History.

University Relations Science and Research Team

University Relations Science and Research Team

Matt McGowan
science and research writer

Robert Whitby
science and research writer

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